Hey Reddit!

Keanna here. My last AMA was a couple of years ago. With the Olympus Rally 🇺🇸 and WRC Rally Croatia 🇭🇷 happening today, I’ve made the impulsive decision to do another.

Rallying in America is blowing up. (Even if it's one of the lesser known forms of motorsport in the country.) I’m so excited to see necessary safety systems being implemented, DirtFish taking over media, overseas competitors, and so much more. I’m actually starting to miss the American scene instead of feeling like it’s lacking.

After my 2019 JWRC debut at Wales Rally GB, my plans were to compete in the championship in 2020. Cut to this year, this weekend, and another season is starting...

Thoughts, Feelings, Opinions? AMA. As always, I love the topics of women in motorsports or STEM/F1 in Schools. I may pop in on Clubhouse later to converse while I answer and who the hell knows what else?

Cheers, Keanna x


8:09 EST - I'll be back at 9 to start answering.

12:34 EST - I'm still here! Hopping off for a bit now, but I'll be back on and off throughout the day and answer as much as I can.

5:09 EST - Just about done here for the day. I'll pop back on once more later this evening. Thanks for joining!

What is stage rally? A form of motorsport where crews (driver and co-driver) compete on closed road “stages,” using liaison/road sections or “transits” to travel between the stages. Cars start (usually) every minute. Co-drivers read pace notes during the race, which detail the road ahead for the driver. Pace notes are unique to their drivers. They are an annotated language for all the the corners, straights, and more. The winner of the rally has the lowest cumulative time from all of the stages. Of course, it’s a lot more complicated than this. If you want to know more, well, just ask!


Comments: 301 • Responses: 88  • Date: 

Gen_Jack_Ripper59 karma

Be honest, do you cut when there is a don’t cut note?

KeannaEChang55 karma

I certainly don't try to cut if it we write "don't," but sometimes cut happens 😂

We use "don't" specifically to eliminate confusion and also to not have the word "cut" floating around. It's like not looking where you don't want to go.

Zeepax20 karma

Honestly how important is the co driver on a scale 1-10. I mean can a good vs bad co driver cost you the champion ship ? Being 1st or last in a race because of the co driver. Please answer I always wondered how important they are and if they differ so much in quality it cost you a win.

KeannaEChang31 karma

SO important! One of the best investments you can make for your driving is putting in the work in your notes. A great co-driver adapts well and can change things up depending on who they're co-driving for. The partnership is also about trust and working well together, and it can't work if you don't have that.

Insucc_50 karma

I appreciate your time Miss. I've always been curious, do co-drivers ever practice driving the car with you reading notes or vice-versa? Would you ever consider yourself "at the ready" for an occasion like that? I'm new to the scene and if this is a common knowledge thing I apologize. Again, I appreciate it!

KeannaEChang64 karma

The old American championship actually allowed drivers and co-drivers to switch positions if they wanted. Personally, I get too much motion sickness to co-drive!

TripleJeopardy336 karma

Along the lines of co-drivers, are you familiar with the, "Samir...you're breaking the car!" video that showcases an interaction between a rally driver and co-driver?

If so, thoughts?

KeannaEChang42 karma

Video's hilarious! But not representative

Graceful_Hammer50 karma

What car are you driving for the race today?

KeannaEChang75 karma

Unfortunately am not competing this weekend, but if I was, I'd likely be in some sort of 2WD Fiesta

qlnufy46 karma

Why 2WD, out of curiosity? I've naively assumed all rally cars were 4WD/AWD and that it's "better", so that comment is interesting and I'd love to hear about the choice/tradeoffs.

KeannaEChang82 karma

I stuck with 2WD because I almost always had a goal of doing JWRC. The 2WD platform is a really good place to start, because it teaches you good habits and doesn't quite let you get away with mistakes like 4WD does. The current JWRC car is a "Rally4" Fiesta, and development-wise, it's pretty much at the max of power/torque and if you increase anything, it's grip (enter M-Sport's Rally3 Fiesta, which is very similar to the Rally4 but AWD)

IzzyIzumi22 karma

Man I love the most recent Fiesta. Fun little hatchbacks, even out of the ST trim.

KeannaEChang28 karma

They are! My car is just a fun little production/R1 kind of build, but the year old R2T I was driving in 2019 was amazing. The R2T19 I almost found less fun because you’re getting to a point where you need more grip than it can offer. Can’t even imagine what the Rally4 is like - makes sense Junior classing at the world level is moving to Rally3 next!

AnoK7607 karma

Is it FWD or RWD? I feel like i cant hut turns as hard on FWD

KeannaEChang11 karma


mooooocow35 karma

Hey Keanna! I found you on IG after your last AMA and as a woman myself, I absolutely love following your rally adventures! Really hoping to see you at OTR this year. I don’t have a creative question, so I’ll ask- what’s your daily driver? Lol Thanks!

KeannaEChang35 karma

Hi! Thank you! Daily is a 2013 TTRS/1986 4000CS. But I'm normally riding around in a TDI Golf these days. We'll try for NEFR but not likely OTR. With it being moved to the fall, though, who knows?

slowdownmrtoad8 karma

What's with the VAG cars? Heritage? Are those old bubble Celicas still around. Seems like they'd be hella light. Do you collect cars or use them like they should be and then you're done with them?

KeannaEChang8 karma

Both of my current street cars saw a lot more use hard use at the start and are now for transportation. Mk1 TT was a street car and is now a race car but needs an engine!

slowdownmrtoad5 karma

That's quite a testimony to their toughness. I've always thought of those cars as having lots of little, annoying and hard to predict issues, but it's great to know they are that tough. Amazing engineering that in my opinion hasn't gone through enough iterations. I used to have an old golf and the longer I had that car the more I liked it, until suddenly I didn't.

Another question: As an outsider I would consider you to be a key catalyst in driving growth for your sport (and gender) and therefore extremely, extremely valuable to the future. How does the culture of the racing and rallying community generally perceive your status. Do you feel you get enough support and feel like it is a joy to give back, or is it more of a fight, like that of a trailblazer. Maybe both? Maybe something else? Thank you!

KeannaEChang12 karma

Sometimes I wish the series/organisers felt more strongly that it's important. Other championships put a big emphasis on having women compete - I was paid for starting in the French championship events that we did. Normally there's a fee to enter the R3T trophy, but that was waived as a female entrant. I've had organisers from other championships ask me what it would take (and willing to help) to have me at their event, but that's not happening in the USA.

I don't think my struggle for funding is different from anyone else's, and I like to think that, in the future there won't be a need for programs catering to diversity (gender, ethnicity, race, ses, or otherwise), but for now, they're necessary. And I would love to see more support for women who don't already have the 10k, 100k+ followers, and highlight those who haven't quite captured the public's eye yet.

Porscheguy117 karma

Have you considered doing Pikes Peak for some funding? I'm a motorsport mechanic and ive done the event a few times. If you enter the correct classes and finish well, pretty easy to bag 20k for an actual driver. Plus it's a hugely popular event that would definitely nab you some exposure, though most of the clientele there are going to be road course competitors.

KeannaEChang5 karma

I did briefly. I had somebody who was willing to help put me in a title car, but it was realistically too late to throw it together for that year. Considering my run up Maryhill Loops stage (closest thing to a hillclimb I've done), I should probably consider PPIHC more seriously!

Walks_In_Shadows4 karma

Oh God I want the new generation Audi TT so bad, those cars are absolutely beautiful, and pretty powerful as well. I own a first gen and love it!

How does the TDI drive? I've been looking into getting one of those as a daily.

KeannaEChang9 karma

Fun little car and 40+ mpg is great. I had a 2002 ALMS edition mk1 before the RS!

Agent_Zodiac25 karma

What's your favorite video game, food, and color?

KeannaEChang33 karma

I'm not a big player of video games, but most recently enjoyed Plants vs Zombies

Color depends but possibly blue

I'll have to ponder food!

Eddie_Shark21 karma

I talked to a European rally racer many years ago. He said 100 percent of the navigators get sick during stints. Does this really happen? Second question, ever considered making a move to sports cars? I live in Daytona.

KeannaEChang38 karma

I certainly know co-drivers who haven't experienced sickness. However, the more technical the stages are, and running at night or more extreme conditions increases the likelihood, and American stages are generally pretty fast in comparison to European stages. At the Southern Ohio Forest Rally, it's usually hot and humid, runs at night, has short transits (less getting out of the car), and pretty technical stages, it's not uncommon for more co-drivers to be sick than at other rallies!

I was planning to go to sports cars before rally, but I don't see it happening now. I was doing American Endurance Racing series in their first few years of operation, and PWC or IMSA was the plan for 2016 before I really discovered rallying!

NOISY_SUN8 karma

Has Steve Harrell ever puked tho

KeannaEChang9 karma


You'll have to ask Steve on that one

bachrodi20 karma

Why do you think Rally racing is not more popular in the US?

KeannaEChang50 karma

Lack of media coverage, difficult to watch, based in smaller towns, events spread so far out, and also just being overshadowed by things like IndyCar, NASCAR, etc. Even Global/Nitro RallyCross is much easier to watch and televise

there_is_no_spoon22513 karma

I've grown up a huge motorsports fan in northern New England and honestly, rallying seems to me the most pure form that still exists. Yet in all my life at 30, I haven't heard of a rallying event near me until long after it's over. Finding info can be a real pain in the ass. The only one I know of for certain on a year to year basis is Climb to the Clouds on Mt Washington, which I can't wait for to come back!

KeannaEChang10 karma

One of the things that drew me to rally and away from sports cars is how essential car control is!

CTTC is every 3 years, but NEFR is based out of Sunday River and is every 3rd week of July (4th week on CTTC years)

Otherwise, PA for STPR or the new NYFR out of Monticello are the next-closest.

Lt_Toodles6 karma

Hey piggybacking so i hopefully get an answer. I have loved rally ever since my grandparents took me to see the finish line at Dakar in argentina.

However i have had the hardest time following races and can never manage to see them live only being able to find youtube compilations after the fact.

How can someone that is interested actually watch the races online?

Thank you :)

KeannaEChang6 karma

Short of WRC+ All Access, there’s unfortunately little rallying that can be streamed live. For American rally, the best bet is a combination of the tracking app (RallySafe) and ARA or event social media (for livestreams/updates). Some series do have broadcasting deals or produce their own shows. The Canadian series usually has good coverage and the rallies we did in France were covered on Canal

HistoricalBridge716 karma

What age were you when your parents realized you had a talent for racing. What did they do to encourage it?

KeannaEChang29 karma

My dad is the one who made me go to my first driving school, for winter road safety. He was in competitive skiing and didn't care if I wanted to compete or not when it came to driving. I wasn't drawn to it for the competitive (with others) aspect, but more self-competition and the freedom racing allows, in comparison to the learning environment.

saintspike13 karma

Hi Keanna - started following your insta after the last AMA. I had asked you about how to introduce my daughter (now 3) to motor sports and so far following your advice. While she’s big into dolls, she also has a suite of race cars she likes playing with. I think in a few years (when she’s 6 or 7) I’ll find a go-kart for her. Any recommendations on brand or features to look out for?

KeannaEChang19 karma

I'm not sure about go-karts, sorry. But a balance bike might be a good investment in the meantime - good for balance and coordination, and bikes are good cross training for cars!

saintspike4 karma

Forgot to add, good luck this season. Seems like you’ve been missing racing something fierce, so I hope you get the opportunity to participate in a rally soon. Cheers!

KeannaEChang5 karma

Thanks for your support - feel free to drop me a line on IG if I can help in any other way

marysalad13 karma

Hey I love rally/ WRC and F1. I didn't realise there was a scene in the USA.

How did you get started? Can you describe the experience of being in the driver's seat ? Is it easy to hear the pace notes when they're being read to you by your co driver? What are your views on current safety for vehicles and routes in rally? Do you look up to any other drivers (past or present?)

KeannaEChang29 karma

I got into performance driving by taking a winter driving school. I went back a bunch of times before getting into wheel-to-wheel ice racing, then endurance driving, and finally rally!

For me, it’s very calm/focused feeling behind the wheel.

klde4 karma

Given you started with winter driving schools and ice racing do you prefer the winter rallys like sno drift? That's the only one local to me but I'm a wimp and don't like the idea of standing around in negative temperatures all day so haven't gone to watch it before. It's been fun to watch your ig keep it up!

KeannaEChang9 karma

You should head out to Bonfire Alley sometime. Let the flames keep you warm... we can feel the heat inside the cars!

I like Sno*Drift but it also sucks a lot of years. A few years ago (19?) the negative temps for Parc Ex was brutal. It surprise-snowed at LSPR 2018, and that was a lot of fun! We had top 5 times on a few stages. I tend to like the pure gravel forest rallies the most and prefer the ice for the lake.

KeannaEChang25 karma

We use Stilo comms and have no trouble hearing each other.

I think the cars are very safe and it’s important to keep looking at what the top level of the sport is doing and implementing it. RallySafe/SAS is amazing for safety. I’m glad the USA is finally getting it. One thing that needs work in the USA is response time!

I have plenty of people I admire in the sport, but particularly seeing how many women in general were competing in rally was inspiring when I first started - I saw very few women at endurance races when I was doing that, but there are so many more now!

TheCellGuru11 karma

How did you get into rally and what advise would you give for someone who wanted to start, even as a hobby?

KeannaEChang20 karma

Winter driving schools as a teenager > w2w ice racing > endurance racing > rallying

Volunteer! Best way to see it all work. Also work your way up from rallycross and rallysprint (good if you build a car) or do a rally school and rent! Best investment in going fast is pacenote training- working with or doing a tuition with experienced co-drivers.

MightyMrFish11 karma

If you could drive any vehicle, real or fictional, what vehicle would you choose?

KeannaEChang8 karma

I'd love to know what it's like to drive the Alfa 4C!

Yama-s_Messenger11 karma

Hello Keanna thanks for doing this Ama. I'm always fascinated how rally is not as popular as other racing sporta. What do you think is the main reason? Here in Argentina, rally is only popular in my region maybe because we are the only part of the country that we have mountains and difficult dirt roads.

KeannaEChang12 karma

Many of the rallies are so spread out across the country that only a few regions have more than one event. Also, with NASCAR, IndyCar, IMSA being so big, having set venues, easier to watch, I think it's just been overshadowed. The championship here is on it's way up, getting bigger and better, but it's also nowhere near something like the French championship with good coverage and media relations, proper sponsorship and activation, etc.

sidewinderaw1110 karma

And doubling down, have you had the chance to rally something electric only? Extreme E seems interesting and with WRC going electric in the future, I'd be curious if you'd had a taste yet.

KeannaEChang19 karma

I haven't. Definitely intrigued by Extreme E and with how the WRC will adapt. My biggest concerns are that, a, rally takes on a shorter-form to cope with charging (Formula E's "endurance" length races require a car switch), and, b, fire safety in the forests (it's a lot easier to have appropriate crews at a single venue/track).

frozenuniverse1 karma

Surely fire risk is there both for petrol rally cars and for electric... Plenty of rally fires in the past from crashes or otherwise that I've seen.

EDIT: Thanks to those who've answered and educated me!

KeannaEChang14 karma

Absolutely. Electric is just a bit more specialised to put out. There was some sort of study that said that something like half of fire depts aren't equipped to put out an electric car fire.

itsdatoneguy8 karma

What do you think about subarus in rally racing and why does my ej motor continue to blow up?

KeannaEChang11 karma


In all reality, good for availability of spare parts

bonus: Call up Vince at RallySpec for Subaru engine stuffs

KeannaEChang4 karma


Good for spare parts availability

bonus: call Vince at RallySpec for Subaru motor things

Echo12018 karma

  • Favourite rally car you’ve driven so far?

  • Favourite regular (non-performance) car?

  • Favourite performance road car?

  • Favourite type of road car (eg sports car, wagon, truck)

  • What car (racing or road) would you love to try out?

  • What’s the stupidest car to rally, yet one that you’d still want to throw at a dirt course?

  • Favourite automotive YouTube channel? Or what’s your favourite car-related media (TV show, movies, etc)?

KeannaEChang4 karma

I think the Fiesta R2T (2018) has been my top choice of rally car that I've driven.

I'm just going to tell you non-specifically some cars that I like because it's hard to choose favourites! I love both my road cars 2013 TTRS and 1986 4000 CS. Older cars that I don't own but love are the original Bronco, FJ40, VW Thing, Scout. The new Bronco is cool too. I prefer to drive something on the small side on the road. I think it would be fun to rally an RS3 or TTRS if I had the budget!

Lately, RadVentures! (Shameless plug for my friend, Ryan, and my 4000 gets an appearance)

420Prelude7 karma

What is your process for following pace notes? Also how high of a number do your pace notes go to and do you prefer 1 being called as a fast for we or a slow/tight corner.

KeannaEChang16 karma

Most recently, I’ve used 1-8, with 8 being fastest. I used to do 1-6 with +/- and felt this was actually more consistent for note writing, but something was missing between the 3s and 4s. I’ll still use the +/- on 1-8, but fewer of them than 1-6 system.

I prefer 5L rather than L5. Direction is difficult for me and changing (American standard is direction first) made all the difference!

8urfiat6 karma

3 questions if I could get away with it.

1) What got you interested in racing?

2) There are multiple kinds of auto racing, what made you point to Rally and say "This is for me?)

3) If you were literally in a food fight to the death? What food would you choose as your weapon?

KeannaEChang3 karma

Racing was a way to have more freedom in performance driving (stepping outside a classroom environment and challenging myself).

Competing in w2w ice racing and endurance racing first meant I'd already tried a couple different things, and rally reminded me of why I fell in love with driving (car control!), and had different levels of competition beyond the small ice racing series I was already doing.

Does it have to be in a prepared food state?

8urfiat2 karma

No. As long as it's food.

KeannaEChang4 karma

Then, probably silly like a pufferfish 🐡 or swordfish haha

Teacher_too6 karma

Which Australian rally would you like to compete in?

KeannaEChang6 karma


Teacher_too8 karma

That’s in New Zealand 😄

KeannaEChang7 karma

It is isn’t it? 😂 Hay fever brain getting the best of me this morning. Would be cool to do any of them, particularly Coffs, but Tasmania or Adelaide would be rad too!

Teacher_too3 karma

My partner is one of the zero cars in a couple of weeks for Rally of the Heartland, here in SA. Those wind turbines look cool on stage!

KeannaEChang3 karma

So cool! We have some great turbine sights in the Pacific Northwest

it_vexes_me_so5 karma

If you had your druthers, what would your dream course be in the US?

KeannaEChang16 karma

It'll never happen, but I'd love to get to compete on some Vermont roads!

I love Olympus and SOFR (Ohio) as existing US rallies.

dontcaredontworry4 karma

What’s the average speed you drive in a race and how much do you reduce it when in a bend ?

KeannaEChang6 karma

I'd say somewhere around 60 mph for an average. Top speed in my rally car was about 106/7, not sure about in the R2s. On most stages, top speed would be 80s/90s and you could be bringing it down to under 40 for tighter stuff. All depends on the road!

QvttrO4 karma

Hello, Ms. Erickson-Chang!

Do you think a RWD car would be competitive these days? Let's imagine we have three cars which are completely identical except for the drivetrain type (RWD, AWD, FWD). My stepfather (who is a very experienced driver and mechanic) is convinced that a RWD car is quicker under any circumstances and I have always failed to prove him otherwise. What is your opinion on his point?

Thank you for the AMA!

KeannaEChang6 karma

Absolutely. There are a few drivers doing amazingly in the 2WD classes in RWD cars here in the USA. On certain technical rallies, they seem to have more of an advantage

ezfrag20164 karma

How easy is it to switch driving style between FWD, RWD and AWD? Or do drivers stick to one type before retraining for another?

KeannaEChang10 karma

AWD and FWD are very similar, but one of the most interesting pieces of advice I have received is to drive everything (RWD too) the same way instead of thinking of them as different. Sure, there are some different dynamics and inputs, but it's a matter of a few adjustments instead of a whole style!

Betadzen4 karma

Are you into "wrooom-wrooom" or "brrr"?

KeannaEChang7 karma

Definitely the former

heiti93 karma

  1. Why is it blowing up in America, and what motorsports are slowly dying?

  2. When driving rally, do you ever get scared? Or thinking about the fact that you are driving a metal can with wheels on a narrow road, really really fast?

KeannaEChang9 karma

I'll credit Barry McKenna as a major reason. I was in the process of finding a new place to live in NYC when he called me up asking if I'd have interest in leasing a proper R2T (I was already trying to figure out how to import one). The new motorsport shop was going to be in my home state, and I decided to move back. Him bringing the R2Ts and R5s as rentals and creating an RC4 cup really established an air of seriousness. For those piloting R2s and R5s overseas, it created an option to come rally here, where rentals were hard to come by, let alone a "proper" car. DirtFish's partnership and the addition of RallySafe this year has also elevated the American series

Not really! The cars are quite safe. If anything, I've wanted not to crash knowing it would kill my budget for the season if I did. Being in the wrong headspace, not connecting to the road, or finding the right rhythm can be mood killers, and its often a feeling like this that is more unsettling than actually going fast!

theadedb2 karma

Now that rally us expanding, are there specific venues/clubs in the U.S. you would recommend for spectators?

KeannaEChang2 karma

Right now, with the current coronavirus situation, many rallies are operating without spectators. Portland Int'l Raceway is typically a cool place to attend during OTR,

ParkieDude2 karma

Are you still in School? STEM major?

It's funny to see comments about rallies.

I competed on West Coast events in the 1970s. For a while, I was working, building rally cars, and going to school. Crazy times, no sleep! I had a blast in Static/Dynamics as mass, spring rate, dampening all made sense!

Olympus: Dry weather, loved those rods. Wet rainy, that stuff was slicker than snot. One year everyone slid off the road. A friend from California Rally Series took first. Ron was the slowest driver of the group but never slide nor went off the road. Motored on taking first.

Keep the shiny side up; if you haven't rolled, you aren't trying hard enough!

KeannaEChang3 karma

I haven't finished - was going for social sciences with a double major + minor: econ, psych with a genetics focus, and con law! I was lead judge for 4x4 in Schools USA and a big part of administering the NE/National F1 in Schools competition, which drives the STEM passion. Olympus is a blast! I've rolled once in rallying and on another occasion prior in an MX5 Cup car. The rally crash was far less worse.

DrFrozenToastie2 karma

What’s your take on the Russell - Bottas crash?

KeannaEChang7 karma

A mistake. A costly mistake, but a mistake. I don't think anybody was really in the wrong. Having done my fair share of w2w racing, people have different expectations with passing maneuvers and sometimes the decision you make isn't the best option. It's easy to say after the fact, "Oh, that was kind of stupid of me." Russell is young, and it's a good teaching moment in his career, but you also need to consider just how quickly he was closing on Bottas in the moment.

Disclosure: I'm follow F1 but am not an avid watcher. So this is my 2 cents based just on what I've seen.

NeverEnufWTF2 karma

Danica Patrick has had a heck of a time with misogyny in NASCAR (and before her, Janet Guthrie). What's been your experience in Rally?

KeannaEChang10 karma

The American rally scene has many female competitors (many co-driving). It was such a change from the scene at endurance races at the time. I'd say I haven't faced discrimination, but people still have preconceptions. Things like I must be a co-driver, asking any male person around a question they could have asked me directly, or a new team being unwilling to take advice until they realise we know what we're talking about.

What I see is that people have to earn respect in the sport, male or female. But a great thing I head recently is that women tend to be judged off their qualifications while men are often judged on their potential, and I think that is quite true.

AirsoftUrban2 karma

What's your favorite gas station snack?.

KeannaEChang8 karma

Here in Vermont/Maine, a maple whoopie pie from Steve's!

Goatzinger1 karma

Do you consider a hot dog a sandwich?

KeannaEChang2 karma

Hot dog, no. Burger, yes.

bubjet1 karma

What car do you daily drive? Do your friends encourage you to drive fast on back roads? I know I would...

KeannaEChang11 karma

I have a 2013 TTRS and a 1986 4000!

I'm not in a rush when street driving. I have a couple safe places I like to have a bit of fun but otherwise save it for racing

ElsonDaSushiChef1 karma

Have you raced with Ken Block?

KeannaEChang7 karma

We've competed at many of the same events in different classes. He's also been kind enough to have me as a guest at WRC Spain.

ElsonDaSushiChef4 karma

And also, are you still friends with him? When was the last time you talked?

KeannaEChang5 karma

We're not close, but he's been cool and supportive of me as a young driver wanting to race outside of the US. Last I saw Ken was maybe NRX in Utah and I spent a lot of the event entertaining the kids!

flataleks1 karma

What do you think about Rally Turkey?

KeannaEChang1 karma

It looks pretty neat. Definitely a tough one with how rocky it is!

marysalad1 karma

Would you change anything about the design of race suits?

KeannaEChang2 karma

There are a lot of great options today for women, particularly with custom options, but sometimes the allocation of fabric is a bit 'off' still. A chest measurement will have more fabric for the shoulders/back instead of in the front, for example.

Scoke151 karma

  1. Will you be racing in the ARA again soon?
  2. What's your favorite rally event in the USA? (I remember seeing you race a Fiesta at 100AW back in 2016 and have been following your career since!)

KeannaEChang2 karma

Hopefully. Aiming for NEFR this year and we'll see what else. Unfortunately not much in terms of funding. I love SOFR (Ohio) and also Olympus!

ernst_starvo_blofeld1 karma

Would an AWD Lexus GS or IS make a good rally car?

KeannaEChang6 karma

Not sure about AWD, but Michael Hooper campaigns an IS350 here and does amazingly well!

BochKeramis1 karma

Hey keena, why did you decide to take a break from rallying for awhile?

KeannaEChang6 karma

It wasn't much of a decision... Between Covid 19 and a limited budget, it is what it is!

watery_tart_1 karma

Do you have a favorite past race on YouTube or another place to watch?

KeannaEChang2 karma

I'm not much into watching racing on a screen - but Lime Rock and WGI have historically been places I'll go to watch racing!

Neudious1 karma

Hi there! Thank you for this AMA. I love watching rally's and try to get somewhat okay in Dirt 2.0 Rally, but not much luck so far, haha

Back on topic though: you mentioned stem / F1 and women in motorsports are interesting themes for you.

I was wondering how old you where when you decided you wanted to get into motorsport, and also what kind of reactions you got. Where they positive? Negative? And do you notice people treating you different in the sport because of your gender?

Also, what do you think is the primary reason we don't see more women in motorsports? Is it because its seen as something just for men, or are there other factors at play?

Thank you in advance for your time, and thank you for being an inspiration :)

KeannaEChang3 karma

I was 16 when I was first introduced, about 18 when I started competing. Generally, people have been quite open. At one ice race, I went into town and almost wasn't let back in because they didn't believe I was racing! I talked more about this here!

I think that a lot of girls still don't see it as an option. A lot of women and girls I know in the sport were introduced to it through their families! So increasing the visibility of girls and women who are competing in motorsport is important, as well as including things like motorsport athletes, and not just Olympic and ball sports, in coverage for female athletes

meemawuk1 karma

Any insight into the personalities of some of the WRC drivers?

Edit: I ask because rally drivers just seem so much more like Norma people who love racing that other types of motorsport.

KeannaEChang3 karma

I can think of one driver who was miserable to watch on their end stage interviews, who was super cheeky and playful in the media zone, which is just a much more relaxed situation. Some drivers are simply misunderstood. Tensions/emotions are running quite high during a lot of the interviews, and speaking from experience, it can be really difficult to say anything coming off a stage.

Everyone is happy and grateful to have their drives and certainly love rally!

Lopsidoodle1 karma

Why do you feel the need to announce your gender before any other information about your career?

KeannaEChang1 karma

It's relevant to the conversation I wanted to have

Elektronica1 karma

Loeb or Ogier?

KeannaEChang2 karma

Not sure I have a favorite between the two, but how about Loeb's win at Spain during his return? Great moment.

Atwyay1 karma

Going to be racing in SOFR this? About 20 minutes from where I live and I've never heard of it, sounds like fun.

KeannaEChang1 karma

Not likely for me this year, but hopefully next time!

xeonoex1 karma

How expensive was it to get into the sport?

Do you do any type of sim racing?

I have 2 daughters and a sim racing setup. They are too young right now to do it on their own, but they like steering and crashing the virtual cars. I might get them a go kart when they are old enough.

KeannaEChang4 karma

It was about 50K to buy a (new) Fiesta and build it into a rally car. You could buy a car for half this, or less, but could also inherit its problems. I had a sponsor who made it possible to save a lot on my safety gear and also crowdfunded my build, so it personally cost me a lot less than that. I also specifically wanted to start with a specific car and class, so options were limited in terms of purchasing. Per event, we also hired Team O'Neil to service, transport, maintain my car in the first year and then had the travel costs and entry fees.

I do have a setup, but I'm pretty shit with the sim. I'm a real "feeling" driver and have had a difficult time separating that.

trunkmonkey61 karma

I know that I'm really late to this AMA but what is your dream race? What's our ultimate goal in racing?

KeannaEChang1 karma

I'd love to compete at Whangarei in NZ and Azores! I always wanted to do JWRC, but beyond that, just keep rallying because I enjoy it

minecart61 karma

What is the fastest you've ever driven?

KeannaEChang2 karma

  1. In my daily, at Watkins Glen.

biofuel771 karma

What rally car would you like to drive thats from the past.

KeannaEChang2 karma

A Delta Integrale would be cool

barre_chord_reality1 karma

Did you go to a racing school like Dirt Fish, or some place similar?

KeannaEChang3 karma

I did Team O'Neil for fun before getting into rallying (and was originally introduced to performance driving there, albeit a privately winter driving school), and also repeated the 4/5 day a few times later on as more of rally training.

gurny3161 karma

Have you watched any of the Extreme E races? What do you think about the male / female drivers teams? Do you think this is a good way to bring more female drivers onto the international stage?

KeannaEChang3 karma

I think it's a great format that really puts the drivers on an equal playing field, although I have also heard rumours that not all of the teams got drivers they actually wanted in favour of higher profile drivers - this is extremely problematic if true. As a new series, I understand the appeal of this to help get it off the ground, but it's disappointing to think some drivers missed out on a career defining drive.

I know there were requests from some to do a draw for who competes on first/second lap because most teams put their male drivers up first in Al 'Ula - I think it's a fab idea that will make it more interesting.

I was disappointed in viewing options! I know it's better for a new series to have the TV broadcast, but I'd have liked to watch it live instead of seeing all the drama on social media before broadcast.

meemawuk1 karma

Second question if you’ll allow it:

Being a sport with some of the most dramatic crashes in motorsport coupled with the possibility of it happening in isolated parts of a stage, can you tell us a bit about your most worrying mishaps/accidents?

KeannaEChang3 karma

We are each others' first responders. I'd love to see a req for medical training/first on scene. The WRC has a great FOS course. I like to think about to this way (changing now that RallySafe has entered the scene). You're 10 miles into a 20 mile stage and go off. Next car is 1-2 minutes behind (provided they haven't run dust windows. They stop, assist, wait for next car. Next car stops, gathers info, proceeds to radio point. It's likely at least 10 minutes has passed before they reach stage via radio start to stop sending cars and send assistance. How long does it take a vehicle going 30mph to travel 10 miles? If it's ambulance and not med sweep, it's probably going 15-20mph. Then transport out, meet ambulance/medivac if needed, etc.

We were running 2 min dust windows when we barely saw and stopped for a car that was 4 spots ahead of us on the road. That's 8 minutes elapsed.

When I crashed at LSPR, we were blocking the stage and trapped in the car. Luckily, it was night and the car behind noticed our headlights and slowed.

Excited to have RallySafe in the USA now!

MentallyLatent1 karma

Like someone else asked, how do you afford to rally? Where does the budget come from to build the car and get spare parts, etc. Does everyone on the team chip in? Is it mostly from sponsors?

KeannaEChang2 karma

In general, the money in rally is from sponsorship. There isn't any real prize money in USA rally (aside from the newish RC4 cup, privately funded). There are contingency programs that pay drivers who are using their products based on finishing position. Sometimes we also have our own prize funds in 2WD where competitors pay a fee to enter and can put more money or prizes on the line as well. I've been fortunate enough to have support from a family business in addition to having sponsors before starting in rallying (from other results with ice racing and autocross). I've also taken advantage of some programs out there, such as the Clio R3T Trophy, where I was able to enter for free and get starting bonuses. On the grassroots level, you will see teams splitting the budget, but typically, co-drivers have their expenses covered or are paid. It depends on how competitive the market is and how much experience they have. They'll often share costs or cover their own expenses at the start because they're either rallying with a friend or trying to get their feet wet and offering a favourable deal.

royalsJ1 karma

Do you think motorsports will ever be part of the Olympics?

KeannaEChang3 karma

Nope! I believe Olympic sports must be "human powered"

master_harper1 karma

Vermont native? Have you had any interest from Vermont Sportscar or asked if they'd be interested in your racing a 4wd limited car? I know they built one a while back but I'm not sure if they still have it.

KeannaEChang1 karma

I know they'll do customer builds, but I'm holding off on the 4WD thing for a bit longer!

imaraisin1 karma

Is there a place for Group B-style classes today? With the virtually unlimited development?

KeannaEChang2 karma

My opinion is that the magic lost with the disappearance of Group B has a lot to do with safety. Modern WRC cars are much faster, much safer, and less brutish. The sport wouldn't exist if we still had spectators watching in the stage and crews driving death traps. Of course, Group B was amazing, but it's been left in its time and the modern machinery is already so much 'more'! Some drivers who were around then think today's equipment is absurd.

Boddhisavant0 karma

How many races have you won? How much prize money have you earned?

KeannaEChang4 karma

Somewhere around 20 podiums, 5 wins? As far as prize money, contingency, starting bonuses.... a lot less than I've put into it! I've mentioned elsewhere on the thread about how it's all funded if you're interested in that.

sidewinderaw11-1 karma

Hey Keanna! Are there currently any female/minority empowerment efforts in rallying to get folks from those groups into this form of motorsport, that you know of?

KeannaEChang1 karma

There isn't much going on in American rallying at the moment, but I'm trying to change that. Overall, the FIA's WIM program is a great international resource, and Shift Up Now is doing a lot of work in America. There are some good minority efforts in other areas of the sport. I'm working on changing that and sitting on a diversity panel under ACCUS (USA's national sporting authority) and have some ideas in the pipeline. Always up to listen to ideas!

rustang2-2 karma

Rally drivers have the hugest balls, as a woman where do you keep yours? (Seriously you guys/gals are crazy!)

KeannaEChang12 karma

I'll refer to my friend, Shea, who coined #SteelOvaryNation

My time in university prompts me to say that in fetal development, it takes about 7 weeks before ovaries / testes differentiate

chocolaty_rage-4 karma

What are the barriers you see for women and minorities in racing and what are your recommendations to overcome them?

KeannaEChang4 karma

Hey, I've answered bits of this elsewhere on the thread, so feel free to have a read. I think a lot of it boils down to visibility. Seeing somebody who looks like you simply resonates more with kids. From some other people, I've also heard culture as a big reason - racing simply not being a part of it growing up. Outside of sponsorships and coverage, programs to introduce kids to the sport and breaking down barriers of continuation (ladder programs, rookie/junior programs, etc), are good ways to help create sustainable careers.