Happy to be here for this AMA, which is hosted in partnership with Viva Technology, Europe's biggest startup and tech event. Looking forward to a fun and insightful discussion today here on the front page of the internet, the true source of so many online currents.

Apart from being the youngest world chess champion in history in 1985, and the world’s top-rated player for 20 years, many also know me from my matches against the IBM supercomputer Deep Blue, which put AI (and chess) on front pages around the world. I was a sore loser then, but decided that if you can’t beat’em, join’em. So I’ve been speaking about AI and future tech at public events and conferences such as Vivatech worldwide. In 2016, I became a Security Ambassador for Avast Software, where I discuss cybersecurity, AI, machine learning, freedom online and the digital future. You can find my blogposts for Avast here.

I am also chairman of the Human Rights Foundation and the Renew Democracy Initiative. I have written two acclaimed series of chess books and three mainstream books: How Life Imitates Chess, Winter Is Coming and Deep Thinking: Where Machine Intelligence Ends and Human Creativity Begins. A fourth book is in progress right now.

Ask me anything about the intersection of rights and social media in the age of increasingly intelligent machines, privacy, and how AI is affecting our digital lives.

About this AMA: This AMA has been organized with Viva Technology, The 2021 edition will take place on June 16-19, both in-person in beautiful Paris and online worldwide. To keep you waiting until June, several past and future VivaTech speakers, game-changers from the tech, innovation and science sectors will take part in an AMA to answer your questions about how innovation will impact our future. You can also follow VivaTech on Twitter or Instagram.

Proof: https://i.redd.it/7b77r9b4try61.jpg

Thank you all for the questions and for the continued support. We were able to answer many of your questions and are going to be signing off for now! Remember to check out my Avast blog on rights and security and VivaTech 2021! And of course, feel free to tweet me what you think @kasparov63.

Comments: 2229 • Responses: 42  • Date: 

wrapped_in_clingfilm3045 karma


Kasparov633435 karma


atopix2614 karma

Did you know that in /r/AnarchyChess you are known as "Garry Chess, the inventor of chess"?

Kasparov633420 karma

I have long ago given up trying to keep track or understand all the memes with my name or image. Eventually they will be better known than I am!

Lukenzz1538 karma

Hi Mr.Garry

I want to recall your match against Topalov in 1999. With all due respect, have you really predicted all the moves before capturing the rook on h8 ?

Kasparov632625 karma

Yes, I had to see the rook was hanging on h8 to play it. The moment I played 24.Rxd4 I visualized the position after 37.Rd7. Not every single move or variation between, of course, but that final key moment came to me like lightning.

blackferne1475 karma

Mr. Kasparov I had the pleasure of losing to you at a Simul at SXSW in 2019. Personal chess highlight.

Anyway I was curious about your thoughts on whether the right to privacy can really exist in the age of big data and big tech. It seems like Facebook knows so much about people who don't even have accounts. And everything online is tracked, made into a commodity, and sold. Will privacy exist in 20 years?

Kasparov631379 karma

Yes, but not in the sense we understand it today. I wrote about this a lot in my Avast blog, looking at the history of tech and privacy going back to the telephone. We have to watch the watchers, which is still possible in a democracy. And keep in mind the greatest threat is how comfortable we are giving away all our data in exchange for convenience, not a nefarious company or KGB stealing it. You use your face or fingerprint to open your phone!

We can acknowledge, but also mention that there is light on the horizon, with GDPR, CCPA in California introduced - these are good developments, and it is important we are continuing to have a privacy debate, so ultimately, in 10 or 20 years, privacy protection may actually be stronger than it is today, as we are still in the rather unregulated beginnings of the social web. It's a constantly shifting landscape of tech advance and regulatory and social norms.

ballthyrm1207 karma

While you are well known for your fight against Deep Blue, I found "Kasparov versus the World" a lot more interesting.
Do you think there is a lot of research and systems to be developed to allow humans to collaborate that way just as they did in this match against you ?

Kasparov631028 karma

Great question, and while the "wisdom of the crowds" isn't really so effective in expert systems like chess, it was a pioneering experiment in real life for crowdsourcing and combining human and machine thinking and coordination in real time.

herpDerpSlerpaWerp855 karma

Do you think current era chess champions like Magnus have the staying power to match or exceed your time as champion for 20+ years?

Kasparov631759 karma

Highly unlikely, although Magnus clearly has the requisite talents of creativity and discipline. But elite chess keeps getting more competitive, with more players from more places, more events, as well as more distractions and opportunities. I was 42 and still ranked number one when I retired in 2005, feeling like I had no more to achieve in the chess world. 10 more years is a long time, but if Magnus stays hungry, and it is still making him happy, perhaps with the rise of a top challenger to keep him interested, he might. But the pace of change is his enemy so I'm skeptical.

WilliamKiely795 karma

What's something important you changed your mind about recently?

Edit (3 days later): Kasparov has said this same thing for years. Did he ever believe differently? I've never heard him acknowledge the potential risks from advanced artificial intelligence, that even in the hands of good actors sufficiently advanced AI poses risks to all of humanity.

Kasparov631316 karma

That “boring”, practical AI is possibly more important than all the moonshots and sci-fi stuff that makes headlines. I still believe in ambition being a key to success, but we’re missing that AI is already here, already improving our lives, not becoming Terminators or wiping out jobs. Automation taking jobs is always a challenge with tech, but it creates jobs, too.

Thebunin767 karma

Hi Gary ! What would you say are the most common misapplications and misunderstandings of AI by humans, both in chess as well as outside of it?

Kasparov631061 karma

To pick the biggest one, it's that AI is a threat instead of a powerful technology like any other that is agnostic, and good or bad depending how we use it. It's a very harmful outlook, because we need to be more ambitious and more optimistic so we invest more, learn more, and get the benefits, not just suffer the slow-moving consequences of disruption and automation.

ViktordoomSecretwars729 karma

Do you think your great rival, Anatoly Karpov has somehow become underrated in the pantheon of greats?

Everyone talks about you, Carlsen, Fischer, rightly so but Karpov is sometimes the forgotten man.

His career speaks for itself but maybe he not having any connections to the West or being reserved by nature or not having a hollywood story like Fischer did kind of works against him?

Like to know your thoughts?

Kasparov631916 karma

Karpov had his glory in the USSR and currently enjoys the favor of Putin's Russia as well. I don't think it's a coincidence that such renown comes at the cost of a more global appeal.

Applescause27716 karma

Have you ever had any issues with the KGB? Maybe particularly around the time you played Karpov?

Kasparov631527 karma

All my life has been entangled with the KGB, from my days as a Soviet player traveling abroad and facing a Soviet favorite in Karpov to my work as a pro-democracy activist.

vaperboy1337620 karma

Hey Gary!

What is your greatest passion besides chess?

Greetings from Austria :)

Kasparov631096 karma

Chess is a jealous mistress! No insult to my wife and family, who are of course my top passion, but no I don't have any other big objects of attention other than consuming information.

Cryptographer-Wooden606 karma

How did the USSR as a nation state supported you through your rise in the chess workd? Do you reckon that if you were born in other country you would have had the same success? Read your book How life imitates chess. Quality read

Kasparov631188 karma

Thanks, it's a good book! The USSR considered chess a way to promote the superiority of the Communist system, and I benefited from that emphasis, as did every Soviet player. We had conditions for training and competition that were unmatched elsewhere. Mostly, though, it was that chess was everywhere and so the top talents were discovered and promoted efficiently. There's talent everywhere, but not opportunity.

avariciousanonymous515 karma

What is your opinion on the implications of Putin’s clear abuses of power regarding Alexei Navalny, and what do you believe the next 5 years will entail for the russian political atmosphere?

Kasparov63988 karma

Navalny is a political prisoner. The implications are that Putin will do whatever he wants to anyone as long as no one deters him. The bad news is that I don't know what will happen with Putin in five years or five months. The good news is that he doesn't know either!

Wevewonit6timeslad486 karma

Who is the nicest chess player you've met? Also, what is the best advice you can give to new chess players?


Kasparov631105 karma

Nicest? Not something I paid much attention to in my playing days! But for friendly I would pick out Mikhail Tal for sure. Today, Aronian always has a kind word and smile.

Best advice is to play. Many new players get obsessed with studying or reading about chess, which can be like reading books about dancing to become a good dancer. Players play!

Applescause27445 karma

  1. Could you have beaten Bobby Fischer if both of you were in your prime at the time of the match?

  2. Do you think the world chess championship format should be changed so that it’s more about playing for the win rather than playing for the draw?

Thanks, you absolute legend <3

Kasparov63876 karma

No interview could be complete for years without this one! I don't like these "time machine" questions because chess evolves and players learn and improve, especially across several generations. Fischer was a titan, ahead of his peers like no other before or since, but still knew less about chess than elite teenagers today.

As for changing the World Championship format, I don't see how. I like matches as the best way to determine the champion, and you can't eliminate draws without changing the rules of the game.

UncontrolledManifold426 karma

Did you watch the Queen’s Gambit? What did you think?

Kasparov631217 karma

It’s as authentic as I could help make it! I was a consultant on the show, creating many of the important game positions as well as on making the tournament scenes and Soviet scenes as realistic as possible—although of course some Hollywood drama was required. It was a lot of fun, and seeing it become a huge success for showrunner Scott Frank and star Anya Taylor Joy has been great for chess. I wrote in TIME that Beth Harmon has probably done more to promote chess than all the real world chess champions combined! You can find my conversation with Scott Frank in my Avast video series here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HgJMifR8F9k

marreta-voadora495 karma

Dude, he fucking created the game for the final episode

EDIT: he picked a game and modified it a bit AFAIK

Kasparov63788 karma

Thank you for answering for me so concisely! Lol.

Manaleaking168 karma

He gets asked this in every single podcast and interview lol. He likes that it accelerated the growth of the game.

Kasparov63334 karma

Every. Single. One. (But yes, it's been great for promoting chess, so I cannot complain.)

Ms_Riley_Guprz395 karma

What is your opinion of Chess960 or other variations of the game? Which is your favorite, or which looks like the most promising for the future of chess?

Kasparov63574 karma

It's great, if I have trouble calling any variant an improvement on the real thing. I like openings and the rich history and work involved in researching improvements in the opening phase. It's a vital part of the game. But Chess960 is fun and fresh and a welcome addition to the chess world.

Prestigious-Recipe38341 karma

Are you pessimistic or optimistic about the future of Western liberal democracies? What is the greatest threat to liberal democratic values at the moment? Thank you for your great work defending liberal freedoms and human rights!

Kasparov63872 karma

I'm optimistic though admit the trend is not good. As I wrote in the Economist recently, the dominance of radical voices over the "moderate majority," amplified on social media, etc. is a serious threat. Democracy requires trust and compromise, but we're moving away from that to trolling and shouting from the fringes. They are abandoning the democratic norms and shared trust in the system, while moderate politicians are too feeble to resist these attacks from all sides. We need our processes to catch up or they will be overwhelmed by the speed and responsiveness of private online platforms that don't care about the common good at all. https://www.economist.com/by-invitation/2020/10/12/garry-kasparov-on-the-need-to-improve-our-politics-with-technology

BerimboloMaster339 karma

What do you think of the evolution of chess from 2000 to today? How do you think it’ll evolve in the future?

Kasparov63882 karma

Players get better, we understand more, it goes on forever. The game isn't going anywhere, it's more popular than ever, and people will always want to know who is the strongest human so machines aren't going to "kill" it or whatever. People still hold their breath when the 100m dash is run, or even the marathon. It's about human competition and spirit.

FieryMaedhros321 karma

What should us (regular netizens) be aware of when it comes to cyber security? And in what sectors is the need for cyber security most important, in your opinion?

Kasparov63543 karma

That you have a responsibility not only to defend yourself by being alert and following best practices, and what I call "digital hygiene." Most people know what they shouldn't do but don't follow it, sort of like a diet! More broadly, that as a citizen you have a role to advocate for security, privacy, and everything. Big companies and big government are eternally pushing and pulling, and regular netizens influence them both as consumers, social media users and, if you’re lucky to live in a democracy, as voters and activists. Speak up with your habits, your money, and your votes.

Trust is the biggest issue, and people are already complacent about things like bank fraud and hacks of credit cards, identity theft, etc. The problem is we need to have trust in our democratic processes and those will be increasingly part of the online world, so security has to be both good and trusted. For example, in the US, election security is excellent, but it was still easy for Trump to convince tens of millions of people it isn’t. So it’s not just a cybersecurity problem, it’s a cybersecurity communications problem. Also true of any crisis, like the pandemic.

Luvil_268 karma

Are you aware / have you seen Fredrik Knudsen's video essay regarding the history of Deep Blue (and by extension, your association with it)?

Kasparov63304 karma

No, I haven’t seen it. If there are any revelations that I didn’t include in my 2017 book Deep Thinking I’d be surprised. Maybe someone can tell me if there are.

MaliciousWaffle232 karma

In your opinion, what is the most underrated chess opening in top level chess?

Kasparov63670 karma

Nothing stays underrated for more than a moment in elite chess.

PlikePelican207 karma

I follow your activism in twitter regarding russia's political problems and it's really eye opening. But as an Iranian since we have many similar problems with our dictator regime, What is your take about giving platform to Iranian heads of states (mullahs) while many of us ( anonymous account) get banned in twitter? P.s. twitter is banned in iran. And we as Iranian opposition fear for our lives thats why we are anonymous.

Kasparov63507 karma

It's a joke, and I've written as much many times. US platforms suspend or block US figures for terms of service violations but give platforms to the most brutal dictatorships. It's not just hypocrisy, it's dangerous.

ManuelRuiCosta182 karma

Hows living in Croatia?

Kasparov63336 karma

Wonderful, in NYC right now but looking forward to heading back to the Adriatic shores in the summer!

Kahlils_Razor180 karma

What does Vladimir Putin's recent treatment of Alexei Navalny tell us about Putin's position at the helm of Russia?

Kasparov63469 karma

That Putin is terrified of his own people having any say in their future, as all dictators are.

neu_jose166 karma

What is your favorite thing to eat for breakfast?

Kasparov63383 karma

Coffee! (Regular milk, please, no funny stuff.) Yogurt with honey, with walnuts. A far cry from the heavy regular breakfast of salmon and bread in my younger years!

nhamibubu135 karma

what is your opinion on Kaspersky (the company)? Are they doing good work on cyber security or are they now just a tool controlled by Putin and his mafiosos?

Kasparov63471 karma

I'm representing Avast, so it doesn't seem right to criticize a competitor! I will say more generally, so it includes for example China's Huawei, that there is no such thing as a truly private company in an unfree state.

terrys87132 karma

As someone whom believes deeply in technology, do you believe in Bitcoin?

Kasparov63319 karma

Very much so. It's a way to wrest some control from big tech and government bureaucracies. It can restore some balance by giving power to "plain folks." Cryptocurriences are a bit of the wild west now, so I understand it can look dangerous and confusing, but I'm convinced they are only going to become more important and powerful and in a way that is positive for individual freedom and society.

backtothefuckyeah123 karma

Is it true that you believe in the New Chronology theory, that the very existence of the middle ages is a conspiracy? If so, why do you think mainstream historians have got it so wrong?

Kasparov63274 karma

I believe in questioning everything and in evidence, and agreed with some of the New Chronology’s critiques of how thin the evidence is in some areas of the standard chronology of ancient civilizations and the Middle Ages, which are often based on a singular disputed account or object. But there’s also much to it that is pseudohistory and mythmaking, which just repeats the mistakes of traditional history, so I don’t think “believer” and its unempirical connotations describes me accurately. I would connect things to today, when fake news is everywhere and groups constantly want to rewrite history books, from Putin rehabilitating Stalin or various groups revisiting the entire history of the founding of the United States. History belongs to the present, so we must question.

halofixers87 karma

How do you think the chess decision-making of current top grandmasters compares to the great players of the past? For example, if Magnus and Botvinnik played a chess match where they were both placed in a bunch of late middlegame positions where white and black are totally equal, who would win more games?

Kasparov63262 karma

Always bet on the later generation in these hypothetical matchups. Knowledge increases over time, the game gets richer and the players get better. Aside from a few technical endgames perhaps, everything is connected to that expanding base of knowledge and understanding.

ButterMcToast87 karma

If you can't beat them, join them : how? What can we do to improve our relationship with AI or social media in a way where we regain some agency in the relationship? What is the biggest misconception or little known fact that could help people participate more in the development of AI or social media, especially in regards to the many direction(s) it can develop?

Kasparov63270 karma

Start with an injection of reality, that it's not "Us vs AI", it's people on both sides. There is no "AI ethics", only human ethics using technology, whether it's a hammer or a gun or an internet connection or a self-programming algorithm. Insisting on human accountability is the key to keeping AI under control. There's no "the algorithm did it", that's a cop-out and a dangerous one.

Large-man-eats-fries69 karma

You often talk about the benefits of technology and advances in complexity and effectiveness of our algorithms.

Are there any applications of new technologies, specifically in the field of machine learning, AI and algorithmic decision making that you believe pose risks to democracy, when in the hands of either dictatorships or by accident in the hands of corporations such as Facebook, Twitter etc?

Kasparov63178 karma

First, don't blame technology! Humans will always have the monopoly on evil, so we have to make sure we are holding people accountable, that the chain of responsibility doesn't end at a black box of algorithmic decisions. We create, we choose, we are responsible. And that means holding bad actors or exploitative companies responsible for any threats.

lauchs62 karma

Hi Mr Kasparov! Given that people already cannot agree on basic reality, do you see any hope for us once deepfake technology becomes commonplace? What is to stop dictators or even less scrupulous political parties using made up video to justify all sorts of humanitarian rights infringements? If the only way to prove a video is fake is in any way technical, we can surely expect "fake news!" From anyone who disagrees...

Anything we can do or hope for?

Kasparov63112 karma

Tech is a sword and a shield, and with Avast I'm on the shield side! It's always this way, tech threats come early and it takes longer to develop defenses than to create weapons. Remember when email spam was going to be the end of the internet?! As usual, it's not about trusting tech, it's about transparency and trusting the people who watch the watchers.

Deepfakes are a risky development, and how common deepfakes will become greatly depends on how simple it will become to create them. Once the process of creating deepfakes becomes simpler, we could see an uptick in the number of deepfake videos produced.

On the other hand, cybersecurity companies are enhancing their detection techniques, such as inspecting metadata to determine whether a video is real or a deepfake. For example, researchers are now working on the possibility to compare natural video recordings of a real person with deepfake videos, and can determine if mimics are not typical for a person, so might have been faked. Of course, deepfake creators will improve their capabilities, too, and it will be a cat-and-mouse game like we see already in the cybersecurity field today.

In the hands of a dictator, deepfakes can be worrying, and what we need, besides technology that can detect deepfakes, will be consumer awareness and education so people understand that online content cannot always be trusted.

FrontierBrainJace52 karma

Hi Garry - what benefits are there for AI to the huge amount of personal data amassed and processed, and what threats might it pose?

Kasparov6373 karma

This is a good example of the two-sided sword of most modern connected tech. AI is incredible at finding patterns in data, and we can use this to improve everything from radiology to traffic to education. For AI to work, it needs to be fed with huge amounts of data, to learn about human behavior and act based on this. While this offers many opportunities for us, companies and developers behind AI technology need to act ethically, and that means the data they process and use needs to be protected. We need transparency on how data is collected and how it is used to create trust and security for the user, and this is an essential field of research in science and businesses at the moment, so we can profit from AI instead of being exploited by it.

the_world_is_amazing48 karma

What was going through your head when you lost the match to Deep Blue? Were you excited that technology had advanced that much or were you more worried about what this could mean for the future?

Kasparov63163 karma

If you watch the video of my resignation you don't need much imagination to know what was going through my head!

tomnicholaswtf26 karma

You’re the Chairman of an organisation called the “Human Rights Foundation”.

Given the horrific scenes currently taking place in Palestine, I did a quick Twitter search and found that the HRF has remained completely silent, having not mention Palestine or Gaza once since 2012 (the only time they’ve ever mentioned Palestine or Gaza).

Does it concern you that the HRF is only interested in talking about human rights abuses when they fit the agenda of its wealthy right-wing founder and CEO?

Kasparov6343 karma

Without entering into a shouting contest on current events, I will push back on your mistaken accusations about HRF's mandate. Unlike most human rights groups, HRF goes after any authoritarian regime regardless of ideology or alliance. From China's genocide against the Uygurs to Saudi human rights violations or LGBTQ+ abuses across several nations in Africa. We work directly with dissidents. From Belarus to Zimbabwe, we stand for rights and individual freedom and do not play favorites. I'm happy to defend our unbiased record, the best of any such organization, and I encourage you to visit our site and watch our incredibly diverse speakers at the Oslo Freedom Forum.

BadgerCraft11 karma

Google has demonstrated their lack of ethical accountability when it comes to AI with the pushing out of Timnit Gebru. From your perspective, what ethical stop gaps need to be implemented in AI to ensure that global corporations are held accountable to the programs they are developing?

If you're unable to answer that one - what are your thoughts about AlphaGo and how do you think AI can help improve society?

Kasparov6327 karma

You must separate things. On one hand, programs to advance their business agenda and more theoretical algos that can apply to anything. The "ethical gaps" aren't in AI, they are in the humans who make it. It's like yelling at a mirror because you don't like how it looks. Hold people responsible for bad outcomes and you will get better results. If no one is held responsible, it will be abused.

AI is a mirror, but mirrors are useful to finding our flaws. AI can reveal patterns and biases, and many things we can improve on usefully to make a more just society. We just have to remember that it reflects our biases too, if we use it unwisely.

cardlygiro4 karma

Garry - As a casual chess player, I find the first 3 - 4 opening moves to be very boring and predictable. A mere formality to get to the real action when pieces are in better position.

I play it safe with the 'Sicilian defense' against good players or attempt a 'fools mate' against a novice player.

Suggestions for how to make the opening game more exciting and fun?

Kasparov6324 karma

Don't play any opening moves you don't understand! This is a point I wanted to emphasize when overseeing training materials for my new Kasparovchess site, that casual players can worry too much about opening moves, theory, names, etc. Just develop your pieces normally, control the center, and castle and don't blunder anything. Get to the fun part, the attacks and defenses. When you aren't winning or losing because of tactical blunders anymore, then you can start indulging in openings to get the sort of positions you like, etc. I love openings and theory, but it's mostly a distraction for casual players and beginners who just need to follow the basics and play as often as possible to let their own mistakes be their best teacher.

PlasticSoldier20184 karma

My first question is about leaks. Obviously, our rights are negatively affected when law enforcement or other security services spy on us and retaliate based on what they see, but how do we prevent say insurance companies or ISPs from spying on us and leaking their observations through data breaches, given that many companies have legitimate reasons to keep tabs on customers.

My second question relates to the topic of “Golden Visas” and how that affects the stability of kleptocratic regimes. I know some like Twitter’s u/cjcmichel oppose Golden Visas as they see them as allowing kleptocratic networks to find safe-havens and make connections without democratic countries. As someone who supports a dramatic expansion of these programs, I see them as a way to undermine autocratic regimes by draining the regimes of the money they need to survive and putting people like Khodorkovsky outside the reach of their governments where they can safely organize opposition activity. What is your opinion on the matter?

Kasparov638 karma

There are two main ways we can help protect ourselves from these kinds of risks when it comes to private sector misuse or overuse of personal data - through legal protections and through technology. Neither approach alone is likely to solve all the potential privacy risks, but together they can tackle a lot of these issues. On the legal side, just in the same way there are and should be limits on how law enforcement and surveillance services monitor you and collect your personal data, there are rules about when and how private enterprises, such as insurance companies or ISPs, can collect and use this data. The rules are stronger in some places than in others, but overall there seems to be a trend across the world towards stronger protections for people from these kinds of risks. Legal frameworks like the GDPR in Europe put limits and obligations on these enterprises, so that they have to demonstrate a justification for why they collect this data, they have to make sure it is proportionate and necessary, they have to tell you about it, and they have to keep it secure. Just because they may have a legitimate reason, doesn't mean that they don't have limits and responsibilities. If they fail to meet these obligations then there can be serious penalties. On the other hands, these rules do vary from place to place, and cannot be enforced all of the time, so people need tools available to them to allow them minimize the risk that companies will collect and may lose these data in a breach or leak. People increasingly use tools like VPNs, secure browsers, and extensions or software which helps further obscure their digital footprint. Together, this mix of regulation, rights, and democratized tools can help people navigate the online world safely - and hopefully this also sends the signal to businesses that customers expect better when it comes to digital human rights.

muklan1 karma

Hey Mr. Kasparov, what did you think of The Queen's Gambit on Netflix? Is that authentic to the experience?

Kasparov636 karma

It’s as authentic as I could help make it! I was a consultant on the show, creating many of the important game positions as well as on making the tournament scenes and Soviet scenes as realistic as possible—although of course some Hollywood drama was required. It was a lot of fun, and seeing it become a huge success for showrunner Scott Frank and star Anya Taylor Joy has been great for chess. I wrote in TIME that Beth Harmon has problem done more to promote chess than all the real world chess champions combined! You can find my conversation with Scott Frank in my Avast video series here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HgJMifR8F9k